1. What is it?
A lipid profile or lipid panel is a panel of blood tests used to find abnormalities in lipids, such as cholesterol and triglycerides. The results of this test can identify certain genetic diseases and can determine approximate risks for cardiovascular disease, certain forms of pancreatitis, and other diseases.
2. Lipid Profile Test Procedure
The doctor may ask you to fast before undergoing alipid profile test. The samples are taken after 12-14 hours of overnight fasting so that the results will be more accurate. You can drink clear fluids such as water, but you should avoid drinking beverages such as coffee and tea.
Before the lipid profile test, you need to take certain precautions. You need to-
- Avoid drinking alcohol
- Avoid high-fat food
- Avoid strenuous exercise
Most probably, your blood will be drawn in the morning, after lipid profile fasting. Your blood sample is taken by inserting a needle into your vein. In other cases, the blood sample will be taken by pricking your fingertip. The blood is collected in a vial. Upon collection of your blood sample, it will be analysed in the laboratory, where the level oftriglycerides, HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol are measured. The procedure lasts only for a few minutes. There are no risks associated with lipid profile test.
Sometimes, you can undergo the test without fasting. Fasting isn’t required, for children, teenagers and adults up to age 24.